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What is Integrated Pest Management?

What is Integrated Pest Management?

Integrated pest management is a process comprising of the use of biological, cultural, chemical practices that are environmentally friendly. This method is a convenient substitute of the earlier methods whose safety was questionable. Besides being a successful tool in agriculture, it has also become an asset in homes for removing even the most stubborn bugs. The beauty with it is that it ensures human safety and that of the surroundings. 

How does IPM works?

IPM focuses on finding the best solution for bugs, rather than the simplest procedure. It concentrates not only to the pests but also to the people‚Äôs health and the environment as a whole. This overhaul approach employs many strategies to achieve one goal. 

Here are the main steps of integrated pest management-home project:

1. House inspection

It is the first step and the most important. This involves scrutinizing both the interiors and the exteriors of the home. During this time, you focus on the potential points of entry, places with poor sanitation and evident pests. It means then that you will have to peruse all the corners, basement, cabinets, attics, closets and all rooms. This is very helpful since it will enable you to plan the next course of action.

2. Prevention

This is the next step in the integrated pest management. It includes exclusion, which calls for you to seal and repair all the entry points. Gaps and cracks in the building should be repaired. In addition, openings on doors and windows that offer unrestricted entry for the bugs must be sealed. Prevention also focuses on the general sanitation of the home. There should be no food particles fallen in the kitchen floor or damp places. This is a great move to make the house unfavorable for pests.

3. Pest identification

Pests come in different species. They include spiders, ants, roaches and rodents among others. In most cases, it will not be hard to identify the common types. You might also lack knowledge of the best pest control methods. However, do not to worry since there are vast resources on the internet to enlighten you. Moreover, the county extension office can be of great help, where you cannot seem to make out of a particular pest. All you need is to send them a sample.

4. Control

When you are sure of what you are dealing with, it is time to employ the next step of the IPM.  Preferably, start with the non-chemical methods and only use chemicals when the problem persists. Vacuuming can help to eliminate seasonal bugs such as the boxelder bugs, whereas rats and mice can be controlled with traps and baits. General home cleaning can also make the place dust-free and hence, create a deterrent atmosphere for their breeding. For lone pests, you can use manual removal.

If the above methods do not bear fruit, never hesitate to use chemical options. Nevertheless, be sure to use protective gear and measures to avoid endangering the health of the occupants. If possible, look for pesticides which are eco-friendly.

Integrated pest management is the best approach to pest control. It is inexpensive, safe and mindful of the environment. If you offer pest control services, consider IPM as your only method.

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